The Unicorn in Clariodus

Unicorn at Hampton Court Palace
Unicorn at Hampton Court Palace

Clariodus: A Metrical Romance is a peculiar poem. The author is unknown and the poem was probably based on the French work entitled Cleriadus et Meliadice from c. 1440. The poem is Scottish but written in English. It is full of medieval themes but written after the medieval period sometime in the early sixteenth century. The poem is full of medieval motifs including courtly love, tournaments, fulfilling vows, magical woods, righting wrongs, and fighting pagans.

A unicorn made an appearance in the poem:

Foure syndrie liquoris ran with royaltie, 
From foure beistis in foure nuiks of the hall, 
Whilke was ane sight richt fair and triumphall: 
Ane was ane lyoun, right awfull and terribill, 
At quhois gaiping mouth, full horibill, 
Rane myghtie wyne, right plesant, cleir, and cauld; 
It was ane gude sight him for to behald: 
The uther was ane lustie unicorne, 
Eyne Ipocras did ryn out at his horne: 
The thride ane tyger was, felloun and stout, 
Rose water fearcelie at his nose ran out: 
The fourte ane marmaide was, with traces bright, 
At both her papis mylke ran out on height.  Read more

Stomp the Yard

A rich store house or treasury for the diseased Title Page (1)

Anon, A rich store-house or treasury for the diseased Wherein, are many approued medicines for diuers and sundry diseases, which haue been long hidden, and not come to light before this time. Now set foorth for the great benefit and comfort of the poorer sort of people that are not of abilitie to go to thephysitions. By A.T. (London: 1596).

The first edition of A Rich Store-house or Treasury for the Diseased was published in 1596. The book contained numerous home remedies for common medical concerns like backaches, headaches, and colds.

Like today, one medical concern in the late sixteenth century was venereal disease, including the running of the raines or reines. It is difficult to diagnose disease using the historical record, however, more likely than not, medical professionals 500 years ago would sometimes confuse syphilis and gonorrhea and use the general label of “running of the raines” to describe both diseases since the symptoms would sometimes overlap. Read more